Drawing their essence basically from religious teachings, Bhutanese culture has stood the test of time. Beginning from language and literature to the arts and crafts, ceremonies and events, and basic social and cultural values, Bhutanese culture is seeped in the traditional. The tradition of fine art is alive today, manifested, for example, in exquisite traditional painting visible on monasteries and houses, skillfully enhancing the architecture.

Architecture, symbolizing Bhutanese identity is another aspect of the kingdom’s unique culture. A blend of engineering skill and aesthetic beauty has resulted in the birth of architectural wonders, beginning from the massive and majestic monastic fortresses to houses and bridges. Traditional shapes, colours and patterns on the walls, doors, windows, put Bhutanese architecture in a class of its own.

Other cultural aspects, such as music and dance, performed both by the clergy and the lay population, play an important role in national, village, or domestic functions and festivals. Meanwhile, Bhutan’s textile tradition has, in recent years, gone international, with the distinct technique, colour and style of indigenous Bhutanese weaving increasingly catching the eyes of textile specialists, collectors, and users.

The national language of Bhutan is Dzongkha, though more than 18 dialects are spoken across the country. Today, English, which is used as the official working language, is taught in schools. However, there has been a surge in the emphasis on the development and use of Dzongkha.